Albert Einstein was born in Ulm, Germany, on 14th March 1879. He went on to become the most distinguished physicist of his generation, best known for discovering the formula for mass-energy equivalence: E=mc2. The formula is considered the most famous equation ever created. In 1921 he received the nobel prize in physics for his contributions to the development of quantum theory. During the early days of his career, while working at the Swiss Patent Office, Einstein began developing his theory of relativity, which remains one the two main strands of contemporary physics. He left Germany for the United States in 1933, after Hitler gained power. With several other notable scientists of the day, Albert Einstein worked on the Manhattan Project, contributing to the creation of the world’s first nuclear weapon. He regretted being part of the project, though believed it necessary in the face of German aggression. His contribution to the sciences, along with his reputation, has made the name Einstein a synonym for ‘genius’. Albert Einstein died on April 18th, 1955.